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How to reduce free-riding with Group Member Evaluation | FeedbackFruits tips

Dan Hasan
|
August 23, 2022

Whichever occupation or career path we may end up following, it’s more than likely that working in a team will make up a major part of the job. The skills required to do this effectively are broad, and many: think collaboration, communication, leadership and listening, to name just a few. However, for a significant proportion of students going through education, the very idea of group work causes disinterest and frustration. Instead of seeing it as a chance to develop these vital lifelong skills, it is met with anxieties about unfair work distribution, free-riding, and a lack of transparency and accountability. Not to mention, many students are simply not used to giving and receiving feedback from their peers, leading to superficial and non-constructive feedback.

Educators today have not only the normal burden of setting up group projects, but must also maintain oversight on processes and dynamics online and at a distance. This means all the usual work of a teacher, plus the technological challenge of setting up group activities for success. However, when the correct starting conditions are in place, technology can fulfill its intended purpose and help to streamline, automate, and provide visibility on the fundamental elements of a successful group activity.

So how can educators set up group work and peer evaluation activities for the best chances of meeting the intended learning outcomes? In this article, we want to make sure you know how to use the most game-changing features in our Group Member Evaluation tool to increase student autonomy and ensure minimal extra workload, all while keeping on top of everything going on with the groups in your courses.

About FeedbackFruits Tips series

Our team started this series with the hope of helping educators make the best out of our tools and create engaging, meaningful learning experiences.

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Feedback coach

What if there was a way to automate part of the process of guiding good feedback practices? Ideally, teachers should always set a good example with what constructive feedback looks like, and we recommend using the instructions to do just this. Even consider linking external resources on how to give peer feedback if you think students would find it helpful! But we know this takes extra time and effort which isn't always available in large quantities. That's why the feedback writing tips feature was developed - with the collaboration of IE business school - to give that extra bit of support without it affecting your workload. Check out this article to see how it works.

Figure 1. Feedback coach

Self reflection and evaluation

How do you know whether students have taken onboard the learning that you intended? With online and distance learning contexts, knowing what’s going on with each learner’s journey can be an ambiguous undertaking. With a reflection however, you can encourage students to take responsibility for their learning and objectives. You also gain insight into the attainment of these learning objectives by seeing if students have highlighted the same points you may have noticed throughout their work. In this way, a reflection step can take work away from teachers as learning trajectories can be quickly checked by scanning these submissions, rather than setting up individual consultations. And of course, thorough instructions in this step can go a long way toward guiding deeper reflections from your students.

Configurable grading

In FeedbackFruits activities, students always see a progress bar displaying their percentage completion of any activity. This not only acts as a nudge to finish all the necessary steps, but also highlights if extra work is required from the student, such as leaving extra review comments or starting original discussions. When grading is enabled as an element here, students are even further encouraged to complete every step of the activity, including parts they may see as ‘less important’, such as that final reflection. Transparency in grade weighting gives students a clear picture of what is expected and what is being assessed in the activity - so be sure to configure grades to reflect what you find most important. For example, if you want to encourage participation but minimize the anxiety of getting things wrong, you could set grading up to reward students for answering questions, but not assign points to answering them correctly. This communicates that you want students to try, and that it doesn’t matter if they make mistakes, which after all, is how learning works.

Read more: How does configurable grading work?

Figure 3. Rubrics sharing

Review your reviewers

With the review ratings option, you can enable students to give an extra step of feedback within the evaluation process. Has a student received an abnormally low or high rating on a criterion that they might disagree with? This feature allows them to instantaneously evaluate the score they received with both a 1-10 scale and an optional space for clarification with a comment. This score evaluation option also allows you as a teacher to quickly scan whether students agree or disagree with the feedback they’ve received, allowing you to make a better judgment about the dynamics of your peer evaluation activity.

Conclusion

The shift in culture starts with functional spaces for growth and learning. Make sure your intended learning outcomes match with the activity parameters and learning flows you enable, and change your role from a giver of tasks to a facilitator of learning. Our extensive Group Member Evaluation use cases catalog may be a good source of inspiration if you’re wondering how our partners have configured the tool for success across different disciplines and contexts. Or if you’d rather listen than read, check out our podcast with Omid Noroozi and Kazem Banihashem of Wageningen University, who carried out research into peer evaluations using these tools.

Did you enjoy this article and would you like to read more tips and suggestions on using our tools? Type "FeedbackFruits Tips" in the search bar to explore our other resources.

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